what is neuropathy - An Overview



Neuropathy is a basic term denoting disturbances in the typical functioning of the peripheral nerves. The causes of neuropathy are diverse therefore is the treatment. Lots of a times, the neuropathy is practically irreversible and the treatment is generally concentrated on preventing more progression of the nerve damage and other encouraging procedures to prevent any complications due to neuropathy.

Neuropathies due to dietary shortages are mainly treated with the replenishment of the lacking nutrient. Neuropathies due to shortage of vitamins like cobalamin, thiamine, pyridoxine, niacin are treated by giving the vitamin supplements orally or by intramuscular injection of the vitamin if deficiency is due to defective absorption of vitamins from the diet plan. Treatment might or may not completely reverse the neuropathy and alleviate the signs and in most cases there is some long-term damage to nerves and persistent signs regardless of treatment. Recently neuropathy due to copper shortage has actually also been discovered. It too is treated with oral copper salts or intravenous injection of copper salts. Once again the reaction is variable and may take lots of months.

Entrapment neuropathies like carpal tunnel syndrome, radial neuropathy, meralgia paraesthetica, etc are treated based on particular cause and the nerve included. Again, each neuropathy is special and treatment is variable.

The treatment of neuropathies secondary to other illness is the treatment of the main illness causing the neuropathy. If neuropathy is due to Myxedema, triggered by absence of thyroid hormone, then treatment is replacing the thyroid hormone. Treatment of Diabetic Neuropathy is primarily supportive.

Treatment of neuropathy due to food allergic reaction is avoiding the irritant food item triggering neuropathy. There may be some particular treatment in specific cases, like neuropathy due to isoniazid can generally be prevented by giving pyridoxine along with it.


Many a times, the neuropathy is almost permanent and the treatment is mainly focused on avoiding further development of the nerve damage and other supportive steps to prevent any problems due to neuropathy.

Entrapment neuropathies like carpal tunnel syndrome, radial neuropathy, meralgia paraesthetica, etc are treated based on particular cause and the nerve involved. The treatment of neuropathies secondary to other illness is the treatment of the primary illness causing the neuropathy. Treatment of neuropathy due to food allergic reaction is avoiding the irritant food item triggering neuropathy.

Whatever the original cause, your nerves reacted with the only survival tool they had: they contracted, they reduced their length and volume to protect themselves, and the spaces between the nerves(synapse) were extended. A normal sized nerve signal could no longer leap this gap. Therefore nerve impulses, both those going up to the brain and those coming down from the brain were impaired.

Integrated microprocessors measures a number of physiological functions of your nerves and instantly adjusts itself to your particular therapeutic needs, starting with the first recovery signal.

When the system is first switched on, it measures the electrical analog resistance and digital impedance and sets its output specifications for your physical mass. It understands if it is treating a 125 lb female or a 350 lb guy. If you use it directly on your lower back, it understands that.

Specialized stimulator then sends out a "test" signal that represents the most common waveform for healthy peripheral nerves. This signal goes from one foot, up the leg, to the nerve roots in your lower back, down the other leg, to the other foot. It then awaits an echo-like response from this initial signal.
It then examines this 'return" signal to determine any aberrations.

Just as a cardiologist can take one appearance at the shape of the signal displayed on an EKG screen, and detect what is wrong with the heart, we have actually been able to determine that the peripheral nerves have a really particular shape to its waveform. Therefore we can identify the nature of the issue by analyzing that waveform. This function is constructed into the stimulator and processed by its internal microprocessor.

Abnormalities in the shape of the waveform en route up shows issues with pins and needles; the shape of the top of the waveform shows the ability of the nerve to deliver the signal enough time for the brain to get it all; irregularities in the down slope of the waveform indicates pain, and the shape of the refractory duration as the afferent neuron repolarize's itself indicates the capability of the nerve path to prepare for the next signal.

The device needs to then develop, and send, a compensating waveform, to 'ravel' these abnormalities, very much like the method sound canceling headphones work.

This process goes on 7.83 times every 2nd, sending out a signal, analyzing the returning signal, producing a compensating signal, and sending this brand-new signal. It is constantly evaluating your reaction, and changing itself, to gently coax your nerve's ability to send out and get proper signals.

These impulses are sent out 7.83 times per 2nd because that is how long it takes for the nerve cell to re-polarize (or reset) itself between its transmission of nerve signals. Minerals like calcium, sodium, and potassium should pass back and forth through the cell wall of the nerves. This is why a typical 10S merely blocks the nerve signals.

The signals, (as they cross the synaptic junctions in the nerve roots of the lower back to obtain from one leg to the other), develop a little electromagnetic field that is sensed by the nerves in your central anxious system (spinal column) and a signal is published to the brain to let it know what is occurring in the back location. The brain then launches endorphins, internal painkiller that travel through the blood stream to all parts of website the body. These endorphins momentarily relieve pain in other parts of the body and help elevate your state of mind. These endorphin regulated advantages are palliative, and last for about 4 hours, offerring additional welcome relief from your peripheral neuropathy pain.


Whatever the initial cause, your nerves responded with the only survival tool they had: they contracted, they reduced their length and volume to protect themselves, and the spaces in between the nerves(synapse) were extended. A regular sized nerve signal might no longer jump this gap. Specialized stimulator then sends out a "test" signal that represents the most common waveform for healthy peripheral nerves. These impulses are sent 7.83 times per 2nd since that is how long it takes for the nerve cell to re-polarize (or reset) itself in between its transmission of nerve signals. The signals, (as they cross the synaptic junctions in the nerve roots of the lower back to get from one leg to the other), develop a little electromagnetic field that is sensed by the nerves in your central anxious system (spine) and a signal is submitted to the brain to let it understand exactly what is taking place in the back area.

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